Fennel Cultivation has its unique place in spice crops. Apart from being popular due to its fragrance, it is also recognized as a medicine. If we talk about its medicinal value, it is used as medicine for many diseases. In Ayurveda, fennel has been made into a dosha destroyer. It is capable of eliminating these three doshas, namely Vata, Pitta, and Kapha.
Consuming it in any form only benefits the body. But remember, it should not consume more than necessary. Major Fennel growers in India are Rajasthan, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh, Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Haryana and Karnataka. In terms of commercial production, this crop provides excellent profits. So let us know which variety of fennel will be more profitable to cultivate and also what precautions should be taken by the farmer brothers in its cultivation so that they can get more profit along with better production. For its cultivation, farmers can use the Mahindra tractor as it is reliable and has highly efficient features. Along with this, the Powertrac 439 is quite reasonable for Indian farmers.
Improved varieties of fennel and its characteristics
Gujarat fennel 1
Spices Research Centre, Jagudan (Gujarat), has developed this variety of fennel. This variety is suitable for dry conditions. This variety gets ready in 200 to 230 days. Its yield of up to 16.95 quintals per hectare can obtain. The volatile oil content in it is 1.60 per cent.
Gujarat Saunf 2
Spices Research Center Jagudan, Gujarat, has developed this variety of fennel. This variety is good for both irrigated and non-irrigated conditions. Also, Its average yield is 19.4 quintals per hectare.
Gujarat fennel 11
Spices Research Centre, Jagudan (Gujarat), has developed this variety of fennel. This variety is suitable for irrigated cultivation. It has a volatile oil content of 1.8 per cent. Therefore, its average yield can obtain up to 24.8 QTL/ha.
- Fennel can cultivate in both Kharif and Rabi seasons. But growing fennel in the Rabi season gives more production.
- According to Spice Crop Processing Center Jagudan, while cultivating, fennel seeds have to sow at 4 to 5 kg/ha.
- Seeds also must have sow only after treatment because the fennel crops can produce well.
- For efficient irrigation, it is necessary to use the drip irrigation method.
While preparing the field for fennel cultivation, first ploughing performs with soil turning plough and after 3 to 4 ploughings with an indigenous plough or cultivator, make the field level by levelling it. At the time of the last ploughing of cultivation, 150 to 200 quintals of decomposed cow dung should mix, and the soil should turn so that the manure mixes well in the ground. To run the essential plough machine, you can also use Swaraj 963 type heavy tractors.
Farmers have to sow fennel seeds in lines in two ways. The first is by sprinkling, and the second is by transplanting in lines. In the method of transplanting in bars, the line to line distance should be 60 cm, and the plant to plant distance should be 45 cm. The important point in this is that you have to do it in 7 to 8 weeks before transplanting when its seedlings are transplanted.
Manure and Fertilizer
Farmers cultivating fennel in Rabi are advised that 90 kg nitrogen, 40 kg phosphorus and 30 kg potash should give in fertilizer management for the fennel crop. Half quantity of Nitrogen, Phosphorus and complete quantity of potash should mix in the field at the time of sowing. After this, the amount of remaining nitrogen should give in 30 and 60 days after sowing in the form of trap dressing with irrigation. According to Spices Processing Center Jagudan, nitrogen 90 kg, phosphorus 30 kilograms per hectare should be given.
Irrigation and Weeding
The drip method can use for irrigation of fennel crops. This method consumes less water. With this irrigation method, the required amount of water reaches the plants. After transplanting its first irrigation, you have to do light irrigation. After this, irrigation should also continue as needed. Apart from this, you can perform irrigation during seed formation and ripening. Now let’s talk about weeding. Then weeding work should be started after the first irrigation, and after 45 to 50 days weeding and hoeing should be done because when the crop significant, there is a fear of breaking the plant while weeding.
The bunches should harvest when the fennel seeds are fully ready and when the seeds are fully ripe and dry. After harvesting, it should dry in the sun for a day or two to keep the green colour, and it should dry in the shade for 8 to 10 days so that unnecessary moisture does not accumulate in it. To get green fennel, bunches should harvest in 30 to 40 days after the flowering of amble in the crop. After harvesting, the quantities should dried well in the shade.
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